GIS in Agriculture
Agricultural sector is the backbone of the economy, contributing to almost 30% of most of Africa’s GDP. “The agriculture sector employs more than 40 percent of the total population and 70 percent of the rural population in Kenya”. Technology plays an important role in the rapid economic growth and social transformation in developing countries.
Geographic Information System is a system that has been put in place specifically to capture, store, deploy, evaluate and present geographic data. GIS has proved effective in the agricultural sector by assisting farmers in increasing production, reducing extra costs, resulting in better management and providing an effective means of managing land resources. Its applications come in a variety of forms, including precision farming, drone and satellite technologies and the capabilities of Geographical Information Systems themselves.
UAVs in Agriculture
More complex spatial analyses for agriculture might compare variables like soil type, wind direction, rainfall amount, slope, aspect, topography, or elevation to assist with crop management, site suitability, and drainage planning, as well as risk prevention from flood, drought, erosion, and disease. GIS can help a farmer adapt to these different variables, monitor the health of individual crops, estimate yields from a given field, and maximize crop production.
Precision agriculture, also called precision farming, refers to the process by which farmers manage crops to ensure efficiency of inputs such as water and fertilizer, and to maximize productivity, quality, and yield.
Sensors on satellites, tractors and in fields are constantly collecting data. GIS and other technologies shape this data into information that is accessible and interpretable by farmers and land managers to make efficient and informed decisions (Geospatial World, 2018).
The technology then aids the application of fertiliser only to the areas where it is needed, and can vary the rate of application to target nutrient-deficient sites (GIS Geography, 2018). This saves money on fertiliser product, as well as the environment from over application and runoff into local streams and rivers.
Crop Dusting /Spraying
The use of Aviation approved Crop Dusting Drones to apply fertilizers and pesticides. These Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV’s) are capable of improving the accuracy and efficiency of the process substantially.
They can carry considerable volumes of pesticides and fertilizers in a single batch with capabilities to spread these crucial components across farmlands with unparalleled accuracy.
LiDAR technology is one of the most advanced and most accurate technologies in the GIS system.At M&A we deploy the use of LiDAR in the following agricultural fields:
- Precision Agriculture
- Agricultural Planning and Management
- 3D Modelling
- Determination of soil type
- Land Mapping
- Yiled Forecasting
- Crop Analysis
- Filed Management
- Crop Yiled Control
GIS and satellite imaging technology collect data to support precision agricultural mapping for farmers and growers to support crop production and to manage potential threats to their fields. Accurate mapping of geographic and geologic features of farmlands is enabling scientists and farmers to create more effective and efficient farming techniques.
We provide solutions that helps you understand and map different types of information including data regarding soil health and nutrition, slopes, water and irrigation systems.